Severe gum infections are known as Periodontitis. The infection may damage the gum, and if left untreated, it can damage the bone supporting the teeth. This may lead to a loss of teeth or loosened teeth. Periodontitis is a preventable condition if good oral hygiene is maintained. A patient who brushes twice daily and flosses every day may never suffer from Periodontitis or may significantly reduce the chances of development of Periodontitis.
Suppose a patient has pain in their teeth or bad breath without any known reason. In that case, they may contact Peak Family Dental Care in Cottonwood, Arizona, to understand whether they have Periodontitis or some other dental issue.
Causes of Periodontitis.
The most common cause of the development of Periodontitis is the formation of plaque. Plaque develops due to bacterial invasion of the teeth, and if left untreated, it leads to Periodontitis. Below mentioned are the common causes of Periodontitis.
- Formation of plaque on the teeth.
- Plaque hardens under the gumline to form tartar.
- Plaque can lead to inflammation of the gums that may further lead to Periodontitis.
Symptoms of Periodontitis.
A patient suffering from Periodontitis may have the following symptoms.
- Swollen gums.
- Colour of the gums changes to bright or dusky red and/or purplish gums.
- Feeling of tenderness in the gums when touched.
- Bleeding gums.
- Pinkish or blood-stained toothbrush after brushing.
- Spitting out blood when brushing or flossing teeth.
- Unpleasant breath.
- Pus between the teeth and gums of the patient.
- Loss of teeth or loosened teeth.
- Pain while chewing.
- Spacing in between the teeth.
- Gums that pull away from your teeth, making the teeth look longer.
- Changes in the bite.
It is not certain that every patient must have the symptoms mentioned above. They can have unique symptoms.
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Risk factors associated with Periodontitis.
The following habits may increase the chances of development of Periodontitis.
- Gingivitis or poor oral health.
- Smoking, alcohol, and chewing tobacco.
- Hormonal changes mainly relate to menopause or pregnancy.
- Obesity or inadequate nutrition- mainly lack vitamin C.
- Certain medications are known to cause Periodontitis as they lead to dry mouth or changes in the gums.
- Health conditions that decrease the immunity of the patient. These include HIV, diabetes, rheumatic diseases, or chemotherapy.
What is the treatment for Periodontitis?
Four main ways have been developed to treat Periodontitis.
In minor cases brushing twice daily and flossing once daily is sufficient.
In some cases, along with self-care, a patient may opt for topical antiseptics that prevent the growth of bacteria or antibiotics that kill the bacteria.
- Medical procedures and surgery.
In severe cases, a medical procedure aiming to remove the dead tissue may be required. Still, if the damage is too severe, surgery may be required to remove the infected tooth to avoid further spread of infection.
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