What Is Convertible Debentures?

Are you curious to know what is what is convertible debentures? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about what is convertible debentures in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is what is convertible debentures?

In the complex landscape of financial instruments, convertible debentures stand out as a unique and versatile investment option. This article aims to provide a detailed and accessible overview of what convertible debentures are, their types, and their role in the stock market.

What Is Convertible Debentures?

Convertible debentures are hybrid financial instruments that combine features of both debt and equity. These securities are issued by companies as a form of long-term borrowing, allowing investors the option to convert their debentures into equity shares of the issuing company at a predetermined conversion ratio and price.

Understanding Convertible Debentures In The Stock Market:

  • Dual Nature of Convertible Debentures: Unlike traditional debentures that only offer fixed interest payments, convertible debentures provide investors with the opportunity to convert their debt holdings into equity shares, thus participating in potential capital appreciation.
  • Risk and Return Dynamics: Investors in convertible debentures benefit from regular interest income, similar to traditional debentures. However, the added advantage lies in the potential for capital gains if the investor chooses to convert the debentures into equity when the market conditions are favorable.
  • Conversion Terms: The terms of conversion, including the conversion ratio and conversion price, are predetermined and specified in the debenture agreement. This provides clarity and transparency for investors considering conversion.
  • Market-driven Conversion: The decision to convert convertible debentures into equity is at the discretion of the investor. They may choose to convert based on the prevailing market conditions, the financial performance of the issuing company, or other strategic considerations.

Types Of Convertible Debentures:

  • Fully Convertible Debentures (FCDs): FCDs are convertible into equity shares at a predetermined ratio. Once converted, they no longer represent any debt obligation and become regular equity shares.
  • Partly Convertible Debentures (PCDs): PCDs allow investors to convert only a portion of their debentures into equity, leaving the remaining portion as traditional debt with fixed interest payments.
  • Compulsory Convertible Debentures (CCDs): CCDs have a mandatory conversion feature, wherein they must be converted into equity shares after a specified period, irrespective of the investor’s choice.
  • Optionally Convertible Debentures (OCDs): OCDs grant the investor the option to convert their debentures into equity shares at their discretion during a specified period.

Convertible Debentures In India:

In the Indian financial landscape, companies often utilize convertible debentures as a strategic financing tool. Investors in India are attracted to these instruments due to the potential for capital appreciation coupled with fixed interest income.

Example Of Convertible Debentures:

Consider a company issuing convertible debentures with a conversion ratio of 1:1, implying that for every debenture held, the investor has the right to convert it into one equity share. If the conversion price is set at a favorable level, the investor may choose to convert when the market price of the equity share exceeds the conversion price, resulting in a capital gain.


Convertible debentures offer a unique blend of fixed-income features and equity participation, making them an attractive investment option for both companies and investors. Understanding the different types and features of convertible debentures empowers investors to make informed decisions in the dynamic landscape of the stock market.


What Is The Meaning Of Convertible Debentures?

A convertible debenture is a type of long-term debt issued by a company that can be converted into shares of equity stock after a specified period. Convertible debentures are usually unsecured bonds or loans, often with no underlying collateral backing up the debt.

What Is Meant By Conversion Of Debentures?

When a debenture holder can convert his/her debentures into shares or new debentures after the expiry of a specified period of time, then it is known as redemption of debentures by conversion.

Why Do Companies Issue Convertible Debentures?

Convertible bonds offer lower interest rates than comparable conventional bonds, so they’re a cost-effective way for the company to raise money. Their conversion to shares also saves the company cash, although it risks diluting the share price.

What Is An Example Of A Convertible Bond?

The current stock price is $25 per share. After a period of high profits and good publicity, the stock’s price is now at $40 per share. The investor can take the bond and convert it into fifty shares of stock for a value of $2,000 ($40 per share times 50 shares).

I Have Covered All The Following Queries And Topics In The Above Article

What Is Convertible Debentures In Stock Market

What Is Convertible Debentures Example

Non Convertible Debentures

Convertible Debentures In India

Fully Convertible Debentures

Partly Convertible Debentures

Compulsory Convertible Debentures

Optionally Convertible Debentures

What Is Convertible Debentures