Are you curious to know what is haemogram test? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about haemogram test in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is haemogram test?
What Is Haemogram Test?
A haemogram test, also known as a complete blood count (CBC), is a common blood test that measures various components of blood, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. In this blog, we will explore everything you need to know about the haemogram test, including its purpose, procedure, and results interpretation.
Purpose Of Haemogram Test
- Haemogram test is performed to evaluate the overall health of an individual and detect any underlying medical conditions. It is commonly used to:
- Diagnose and monitor blood disorders such as anaemia, leukemia, and blood clotting disorders.
- Monitor the response to treatment of various medical conditions, such as infections, autoimmune disorders, and cancer.
- Identify any underlying medical conditions that may cause symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, or unexplained weight loss.
Procedure Of Haemogram Test
Haemogram test is a simple blood test that can be performed at a laboratory or clinic. The procedure involves the following steps:
- A healthcare provider will clean the area where the blood will be drawn, usually the arm.
- A needle is inserted into a vein and blood is drawn into a collection tube.
- The collected blood is sent to a laboratory for analysis.
Results Interpretation Of Haemogram Test
The results of a haemogram test include various components of blood, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. The normal range for each component may vary depending on age, gender, and medical history. The following are the components of blood measured in a haemogram test:
- Red blood cells (RBCs): RBCs carry oxygen to various parts of the body. The normal range for RBCs is between 4.5 to 5.5 million cells per microliter (mcL) for men and 4.0 to 5.0 million cells per mcL for women.
- Haemoglobin (Hb): Hb is a protein in RBCs that carries oxygen. The normal range for Hb is between 13.5 to 17.5 grams per deciliter (g/dL) for men and 12.0 to 15.5 g/dL for women.
- White blood cells (WBCs): WBCs help fight infections and other diseases. The normal range for WBCs is between 4,500 to 11,000 cells per mcL.
- Platelets: Platelets help in blood clotting. The normal range for platelets is between 150,000 to 450,000 cells per mcL.
Haemogram test is a common blood test that measures various components of blood, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. It is performed to evaluate the overall health of an individual, diagnose and monitor blood disorders, and identify underlying medical conditions. The results of a haemogram test can provide important information about an individual’s health, and it is important to interpret them with the help of a healthcare provider.
What Is The Haemogram Test Done For?
This test is necessary for diagnosing anemia, hematological cancers, infections, acute hemorrhagic states, allergies, and immunodeficiencies. Also, it is used for monitoring side effects of certain drugs.
What Is The Difference Between Cbc And Haemogram?
Hemogram and CBC test is used to measure a variety of blood disorders, among other conditions. However, a key difference between the two tests is that the hemogram test includes complete blood count tests (CBC) and ESR. A CBC test, on the other hand, does not include erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR).
What Causes Haemogram?
The commonest problem is chronic blood loss leading to iron deficiency anemia (hypochromic microcytic red cells). The underlying cause in the Tropics is likely to be hookworm infestation but peptic ulcer and gastrointestinal malignancy are also possibilities.
What If The Hemogram Is High?
High Hgb is known as polycythemia. This means you have too many red blood cells. Polycythemia vera is a cancer of the blood in which your bone marrow overproduces red blood cells. With polycythemia, a blood test also shows that you have a high red blood cell count and high hematocrit.
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