Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive method employed to assist couples eager to begin a family by addressing fertility challenges. It entails creating minor incisions in the lower abdominal area and introducing a laparoscope, which is equipped with a camera and a light source, to both diagnose and treat issues related to fertility. This procedure is performed under anaesthesia for the patient’s comfort and is helpful in both diagnosing and treating infertility problems.
When is Laparoscopy Recommended?
Laparoscopic surgery for infertility is recommended in cases involving:
1. One of the common causes of infertility is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS).
2. Fibroids often cause Fallopian Tube Blockage.
3. Ovarian Cysts: Abnormal growths in the ovaries.
4. Endometrial Deposits: These can lead to severe pain and hinder fertility.
Benefits of Laparoscopic Surgery for Infertility
Laparoscopy offers several advantages:
– Comprehensive Diagnosis: It allows thorough examination of abdominal organs to identify infertility issues.
– Treatment: In addition to diagnosis, laparoscopic surgery can treat causes of infertility, such as endometrial deposits, scar tissue, and fibroids.
While laparoscopy is generally safe, some common complications include:
– Skin irritation at incision sites
– Bladder infections
– Adhesions (abnormal tissue connections)
– Site infections
– Hematomas in abdominal walls
Less common complications include severe allergic reactions, urine retention, damage to blood vessels or organs, blood clots, nerve damage, and complications related to anaesthesia.
Laparoscopic surgery is typically an outpatient procedure, with patients discharged on the same day. Sometimes, a hospital stay of 2-3 days might be advised. Full recovery takes a few weeks, with prescribed medications to aid in pain relief and speedy healing. Immediate medical attention is necessary if patients experience a high fever, pus or intense pain at incision sites, or severe abdominal discomfort.
Effect on Pregnancy Chances
Laparoscopic surgery generally does not hinder a woman’s ability to conceive; in fact, it may enhance the chances of pregnancy. The procedure is performed under anaesthesia, ensuring no pain or discomfort for the patient. It is noteworthy that laparoscopic gynaecological surgery in India boasts a commendable success rate.
What to Expect
After the surgery, some discomfort and pain are common, typically in the shoulders or abdomen as the gas used during the procedure dissipates. Walking and drinking peppermint tea can help alleviate this discomfort. The doctor will provide detailed post-operative instructions.
Outlook and Next Steps
In many cases, laparoscopy not only diagnoses but also resolves fertility issues. There are various fertility options available among which the most popular is IVF. Your doctor will explain the results and discuss possible next steps. IVF treatment cost in India costs around $2,500 to $5,000, depending on individual situations and specific requirements. If you decide to pursue IVF or other fertility treatments, your doctor may recommend waiting several weeks or longer for your body to recover from the laparoscopy fully.