What Is National Vegetable Of India?

Are you curious to know what is national vegetable of india? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about national vegetable of india in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is national vegetable of india?

India is a land of diverse cultures, traditions, and culinary delights. As a country known for its rich agricultural heritage, it is no surprise that India has designated a national vegetable. In this blog, we will explore the national vegetable of India, which holds immense cultural significance and is an integral part of Indian cuisine. Let’s dive into the world of the sacred gourd, the Bottle Gourd (Lagenaria siceraria), and discover why it has earned the esteemed title of the national vegetable.

What Is National Vegetable Of India?

The Bottle Gourd, also known as “Lauki” or “Doodhi” in Hindi, is an iconic vegetable that has been cultivated in India for centuries. It belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family and is characterized by its elongated shape and light green or pale yellow color. With a mild flavor and a high water content, this versatile vegetable is widely used in Indian cooking, making it an integral part of traditional recipes and regional cuisines across the country.

Cultural Significance And Symbolism:

The Bottle Gourd holds a significant place in Indian culture and folklore, which contributed to its selection as the national vegetable. Let’s explore its cultural significance and symbolism:

  1. Ayurvedic Importance: In Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of medicine, the Bottle Gourd is highly regarded for its numerous health benefits. It is known for its cooling properties and is often recommended for treating various ailments, including urinary disorders, high blood pressure, and digestive issues.
  2. Sacred Associations: The Bottle Gourd has religious and spiritual connotations in Indian mythology. It is often associated with Lord Ganesha, the elephant-headed deity, and is considered a symbol of auspiciousness, fertility, and prosperity. During festivals and religious ceremonies, the Bottle Gourd is offered as a sacred offering to deities.
  3. Culinary Versatility: The Bottle Gourd’s culinary versatility has played a significant role in its prominence. It can be used in a wide range of dishes, including curries, stews, soups, desserts, and even beverages. From the popular “Lauki ki Sabzi” (Bottle Gourd Curry) to the refreshing “Lauki Juice,” this vegetable adds a distinct flavor and texture to Indian cuisine.

Health Benefits And Nutritional Value:

Apart from its cultural significance, the Bottle Gourd offers an array of health benefits. It is low in calories and rich in essential nutrients, making it a healthy addition to one’s diet. Here are some key health benefits and nutritional facts:

  1. Hydration and Weight Management: With its high water content and low calorie count, Bottle Gourd is an excellent choice for hydration and weight management. It keeps the body well-hydrated and provides a feeling of fullness, aiding in weight loss or maintenance.
  2. Digestive Health: The Bottle Gourd is known for its fiber content, which promotes healthy digestion and prevents constipation. It also contains enzymes that assist in the breakdown of food, aiding in better nutrient absorption.
  3. Antioxidant and Anti-inflammatory Properties: The vegetable is a rich source of antioxidants and contains compounds that possess anti-inflammatory properties. These properties contribute to overall well-being and help combat oxidative stress in the body.


The Bottle Gourd, or Lauki, has rightfully earned the esteemed title of the national vegetable of India. It holds deep cultural significance, symbolizes auspiciousness and fertility, and is an integral part of Indian culinary traditions. From its use in Ayurvedic medicine to its versatility in the kitchen, the Bottle Gourd offers numerous health benefits and serves as a reminder of India’s agricultural heritage. So, the next time you savor a delicious Lauki dish or admire a decorative Bottle Gourd during a festival, remember its significance and the pride it holds as India’s national vegetable.


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